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Notes by Stephen Xu



“15Then (that is, after the sign of the sun, moon and stars that signals the beginning of the Day of the Lord appears in the sky) the kings of the earth and the great men and the commanders and the rich and the strong and every slave and free man hid themselves in the caves and among the rocks of the mountains; 16and they said to the mountains and to the rocks, ‘Fall on us and hide us from the presence of Him who sits on the throne (that is, God the Father), and from the wrath of the Lamb (that is, Lord Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God); 17for the great day of their wrath has come (this verse makes it clear that the nature of the Day of the Lord is the wrath of God, see supporting scriptures below), and who is able to stand?’” (Revelation 6:12-17, emphasis and notes added)


“6Wail, for the day of the LORD is near! It will come as destruction from the Almighty (this is the primary purpose of the Day of the Lord – to destroy the evil and wicked on earth. The secondary purpose of the Day of the Lord is to refine the third part of Israel who will survive the Great Tribulation by Antichrist, cf. Jeremiah 30:11, Zechariah 13:9, Malachi 3:2-4, and prepare the remnant of Israel for her Messiah Jesus Christ). 7Therefore all hands will fall limp, and every man's heart will melt. 8They will be terrified, pains and anguish will take hold of them; they will writhe like a woman in labor, they will look at one another in astonishment, their faces aflame. 9Behold, the day of the LORD is coming, cruel, with fury and burning anger (in other words, with great wrath), to make the land a desolation; and He will exterminate its sinners from it (the two objects of the Day of the Lord Judgment: the earth and the wicked earth-dwellers). 10For the stars of heaven and their constellations will not flash forth their light; the sun will be dark when it rises; and the moon will not shed its light. 11Thus I will punish the world for its evil and the wicked for their iniquity; I will also put an end to the arrogance of the proud and abase the haughtiness of the ruthless (in a word, the Day of the Lord Judgment is destruction, punishment and humiliation from the Lord Almighty God onto the evil, wicked, arrogant and ruthless dwellers on earth)”. (Isaiah 13:6-11, emphasis added, see also Zephaniah 1:14-18)

“5(God) did not spare the ancient world, but preserved Noah, a preacher of righteousness, with seven others, when He brought a flood upon the world of the ungodly (the first comparison made by Peter between the Day of the Lord Judgment and the Flood at Noah’s days that destroyed the whole world except the family of Noah); 6and if He condemned the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah to destruction by reducing them to ashes (the second comparison made by Peter between the Day of the Lord Judgment and the total destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah by God), having made them an example to those who would live ungodly lives thereafter; 7and if He rescued righteous Lot, oppressed by the sensual conduct of unprincipled men. … 9then the Lord knows how to rescue the godly from temptation (that is, just like God did for Noah and Lot before the Flood and destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, the Lord God will also preserve/rescue His people before His wrath is poured out onto the earth to destroy the evil and wicked. As we have already seen from the scriptures at the previous chapter, Christ will accomplish this goal at His return by sealing the remnant Jews and catching away the living saints on earth before the seven trumpets are sounded), and to keep the unrighteous under punishment for the Day of Judgment (that is, to keep those who are left behind for the Day of the Lord Judgment, which consists of the seven trumpet and seven bowl judgments. See below for details)”. (2 Peter 2:5-7, 9, emphasis and notes added)


It Starts on the Same Day as the Rapture of the Saints

“36But of that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father alone (the exact time of the Lord’s coming is made unknown by God the Father, yet the manner of His coming is made clear through the passage below). 37For the coming of the Son of Man will be just like the days of Noah (in two ways: first it will come suddenly in surprise to the wicked; second, the righteous will be delivered, i.e. raptured or caught away, before the wicked are destroyed). 38For as in those days before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, 39and they did not understand until the flood came and took them all away (they were totally destroyed on the same day as Noah and his family entered the ark); so will the coming of the Son of Man be (in the same manner, the Day of the Lord Judgment will happen on the same day as the elect of God are rescued or raptured from the earth). 40Then there will be two men in the field; one will be taken (that is, taken to be with the Lord) and one will be left (that is, left for God’s judgment). 41Two women will be grinding at the mill; one will be taken and one will be left. 42Therefore be on the alert, for you do not know which day your Lord is coming”. (Matthew 24:36-42, emphasis and notes added, see also Luke 17:26-30)


“11In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day all the fountains of the great deep burst open, and the floodgates of the sky were opened. 12The rain fell upon the earth for forty days and forty nights. 13On the very same day Noah and Shem and Ham and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah's wife and the three wives of his sons with them, entered the ark (this key verse clearly states that the rain fell down from heaven on the same day as Noah and his family entered the ark. The Day of the Lord Judgment, as Christ describes in Matthew 24 and Luke 17, will also start on the same day as Christ returns to earth and after He raptures His saints), 14they and every beast after its kind, and all the cattle after their kind, and every creeping thing that creeps on the earth after its kind, and every bird after its kind, all sorts of birds.” (Genesis 7:11-14, emphasis and notes added)

It Ends on the 7th Bowl Judgment at the Day of the Battle of Armageddon

“1Then I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvelous, seven angels who had seven plagues (that is, the seven bowl judgments), which are the last (or, final), because in them the wrath of God is finished (which supports the notion that the Day of the Lord ends at the seventh bowl judgment, which is believed to be 30 days after the end of the 70th Week of Daniel, at the same day of the Battle of Armageddon, cf. Daniel 12:11). … 17Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl upon the air, and a loud voice came out of the temple from the throne, saying, ‘It is done.’ (which means, the total wrath of God is complete. From this point on, there is a 45-day restoration period during which God will restore the earth and prepare it for the Millennium Kingdom of Christ, cf. Daniel 12:12) 18And there were flashes of lightning and sounds and peals of thunder; and there was a great earthquake, such as there had not been since man came to be upon the earth, so great an earthquake was it, and so mighty.” (Revelation 15:1 and 16:17-18, emphasis and notes added)


1. The Seven Trumpet Judgments

“1When the Lamb broke the seventh seal (which then makes the whole book open, thus revealing the content of the book: the initial wrath of God – the seven trumpet judgments, which cumulate to the end of the 70th Week of Daniel), there was silence in heaven for about half an hour. 2And I saw the seven angels who stand before God, and seven trumpets were given to them. 3Another angel came and stood at the altar, holding a golden censer; and much incense was given to him, so that he might add it to the prayers of all the saints on the golden altar which was before the throne. 4And the smoke of the incense, with the prayers of the saints, went up before God out of the angel's hand. 5Then the angel took the censer and filled it with the fire of the altar, and threw it to the earth; and there followed peals of thunder and sounds and flashes of lightning and an earthquake. 6And the seven angels who had the seven trumpets (see Revelation 8-9 for descriptions of the first six trumpet judgments, and Revelation 10:7-8 for the sounding of the seventh trumpet, which initiates the final wrath of God – the seven bowl judgments. See below for an explanation of the seventh trumpet), prepared themselves to sound them.” (Revelation 8:1-6, emphasis and notes added)

“7but in the days of the voice of the seventh angel (Just like the seventh seal initiates the seven trumpet judgments, the seventh trumpet initiates the seven bowl judgments, which cumulate to the climactic battle of Armageddon), when he is about to sound, then the mystery of God is finished, as He preached to His servants the prophets. 8Then the voice which I heard from heaven, I heard again speaking with me, and saying, ‘Go, take the book (that is, ‘the little book’ in Revelation 10:2. After eating it, John was given a new series of visions about the ministry of the two witnesses during the second half the 70th Week of Daniel, the final wrath of God – the seven bowl judgments in the extended 30-day period, and the establishment of the Millennium Kingdom of Christ on earth) which is open in the hand of the angel who stands on the sea and on the land.’" (Revelation 10:7-8, emphasis and notes added)

2. The Seven Bowl Judgments

“6and the seven angels who had the seven plagues (that is, the seven bowl judgments) came out of the temple, clothed in linen, clean and bright, and girded around their chests with golden sashes. 7Then one of the four living creatures gave to the seven angels seven golden bowls full of the wrath of God (the bowl judgments are different than the trumpet judgments in that they are quick to pour out and accomplished in a short time manner [in 30 days]. Moreover, they are the wrath of God to the fullest extent. While the trumpet judgments only affect a third of the earth and living beings, the bowl judgments intend for the whole earth and every living being on earth, see Revelation 16 for details about the bowl judgments), who lives forever and ever. 8And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from His power; and no one was able to enter the temple until the seven plagues of the seven angels were finished.’” (Revelation 15:6-8, emphasis and notes added)

3. The Marriage of the Lamb

“6Then I heard something like the voice of a great multitude (that is, the raptured saints of all ages, see Revelation 7:9) and like the sound of many waters and like the sound of mighty peals of thunder, saying, ‘Hallelujah! For the Lord our God, the Almighty, reigns. 7Let us rejoice and be glad and give the glory to Him, for the marriage of the Lamb (that is, the heavenly ceremony of Christ formally receiving His own to Himself) has come and His bride (that is, the elect of Christ, ‘those whose names are written in the Lamb’s book of life’, cf. Revelation 21:27) has made herself ready. 8It was given to her to clothe herself in fine linen, bright and clean; for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints." (Revelation 19:6-8, emphasis and notes added)

4. The Battle of Armageddon

“11And I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse (which compares to the white horse in the 1st seal in Revelation 6:2), and He who sat on it is called Faithful and True (this rider is the Faithful and True Christ, compared to the false Christ in Revelation 6:2), and in righteousness He judges and wages war. 12His eyes are a flame of fire, and on His head are many diadems (which are eternal heavenly diadems, compared to the temporary earthly diadems on the heads of Satan [Revelation 12:3] and the beast [Revelation 13:1]); and He has a name written on Him which no one knows except Himself. 13He is clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God (which makes the rider’s identity crystal clear: He is the Lord Jesus Christ, the incarnate Word of God, cf. John 1:1, 14). 14And the armies which are in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, were following Him on white horses. … 19And I saw the beast and the kings of the earth and their armies assembled (at the battlefield of Armageddon, cf. Revelation 16:16) to make war against Him who sat on the horse and against His army.” (Revelation 19:11-14, 19, emphasis and notes added)

5. The Final Destruction of Antichrist and the False Prophet

“20And the beast (that is, the beast from the sea, the Antichrist, cf. Revelation 13:1-4) was seized, and with him the false prophet (that is, the beast from the earth, the Enforcer of Antichrist, cf. Revelation 13:11-12) who performed the signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image; these two were thrown alive into the lake of fire (the final destruction of Antichrist and the False Prophet) which burns with brimstone. 21And the rest were killed with the sword which came from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse, and all the birds were filled with their flesh.” (Revelation 19:20-21, emphasis and notes added)


“1Now as to the times and the epochs (of the second coming of Lord Jesus Christ, see context in chapter 4 of 2 Thessalonians), brethren, you have no need of anything to be written to you. 2For you yourselves know full well that the day of the Lord will come just like a thief in the night (just like a thief comes in the night suddenly to steal, kill and destroy [John 10:10], the day of the Lord will come in sudden surprise to the unbelieving world and destroy them all, see also 2 Peter 3:10-13). 3While they are saying, ‘Peace and safety!’ then destruction will come upon them suddenly like labor pains upon a woman with child, and they will not escape (from the wrath and punishment of the day of the Lord). 4But you, brethren, are not in darkness, that the day (the day of the Lord) would overtake you like a thief; 5for you are all sons of light and sons of day (yet to faithful obedient believers of Christ ‘who hear the words of the prophecy, and heed the things which are written in it’ [Revelation 1:3] and thus fully prepared, the Lord Jesus Christ is not coming as a thief in the night, but rather as the Lord of glory). We are not of night nor of darkness; 6so then let us not sleep as others do, but let us be alert and sober. 7For those who sleep do their sleeping at night, and those who get drunk get drunk at night. 8But since we are of the day, let us be sober, having put on the breastplate of faith and love, and as a helmet, the hope of salvation. 9For God has not destined us for wrath, but for obtaining salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ (true believers of Jesus Christ are promised to be physically delivered from the wrath to come by the second coming of the Lord Jesus Christ, Amen!)”. (2 Thessalonians 5:1-9, emphasis and notes added)

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible

Questions and comments of this Bible Study may be sent to Stephen at here.


A Complete Scriptural Overview of End-Time Events (All 4 Parts, 230KB)


-> End-Time Events Overview I: The 70th Week of Daniel
-> End-Time Events Overview II: The Great Tribulation by Antichrist
-> End-Time Events Overview III: The Return of Christ and Rapture of the Saints


-> "The Sign" by Robert Van Kampen
-> Sola Scriptura Articles, FAQs and Newsletters about End Times
-> A Dynamic Commentary on the Book of Revelation


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