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Notes by Stephen Xu


"24Seventy weeks (or 70 sevens, in this context, it means 70 times 7 years, with a year of 360 days) have been decreed for your people (the Jewish people) and your holy city (the city of Jerusalem), to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy place (the 6 purposes to be fulfilled within the 70 Weeks, after which the whole Israel will be saved. More to follow). 25So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem (fulfilled in 444 BC by King Artaxerxes, cf. Nehemiah 2:1-8) until Messiah the Prince (the triumphal entry of Jesus Christ into Jerusalem in AD 33, cf. Luke 19:29-44) there will be seven weeks (that is, 49 years) and sixty-two weeks (that is, 434 years); it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress. 26Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off (Jesus Christ was crucified just 4 days later) and have nothing and the people of the prince who is to come (that is, General Titus and the Roman Empire army) will destroy the city and the sanctuary (In the war against the Jews in AD 70, the Roman army besieged and destroyed Jerusalem, burned the temple, and killed more than one million people). And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined.” (Daniel 9:24-26, emphasis and notes added)


"27And (since the events prophesied in the 70th Week have not been fulfilled yet, there is a long gap between verse 26 and 27. The 70th Week is still to come) he (the prince of the restored Roman Empire, who is called Antichrist in the end times, also called the beast that comes out of the sea in Revelation 13, the man of lawlessness and son of destruction in 2 Thessalonians 2:3) will make a firm covenant (that is, a covenant with death, see Isaiah 28:15) with the many for one week (that is, 7 years, or 2520 days), but in the middle of the week (that is, after 3 and half years, or 1260 days) he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate (that is, the ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION referred by Jesus in Matthew 24:15), even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate (that is, the final destruction of Antichrist in the battle of Armageddon, cf. Revelation 19:20)." (Daniel 9:27, emphasis and notes added)


"11From the time that the regular sacrifice is abolished and the abomination of desolation is set up, there will be 1,290 days (that is, there will be 1260 days plus 30 days from the revelation of Antichrist at the midpoint of the 70th Week until the total destruction of Antichrist in the battle of Armageddon). 12How blessed is he who keeps waiting and attains to the 1,335 days (that is, there will be another 45 days until the Millennium Kingdom of Christ is established on earth)!” (Daniel 12:11-12, emphasis and notes added)


"Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, (the first three purposes find their fulfillment during the passing of the 490 years, at the end of which, Israel will finally receive total forgiveness and cleansing from her past rebellion against God and all other sins, cf. Ezekiel 37:21-23, Jeremiah 31:34) to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy (place) (the latter three purposes find their fulfillment after the passing of the 490 years, when the whole Israel will receive everlasting righteousness through their faith in Christ Jesus, cf. Romans 3:22, 2 Corinthians 5:21, find no need for a prophet because the Lord Jesus will be personally present and attend their needs, cf. Isaiah 60, Revelation 21:3, 22-23, and exalt Lord Jesus as their anointed King of Israel, cf. Zephaniah 3:14-15, John 12:13).” (Daniel 9:24, emphasis and notes added)


“And they will fall by the edge of the sword, and will be led captive into all the nations; and Jerusalem will be trampled under foot by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled (‘the times of the Gentiles’ is a specific time-period of Gentiles’ dominion over both the nation of Israel and city of Jerusalem. The fulfilment of the times of the Gentiles is the end of the 70th Week of Daniel, as indicated clearly in Revelation 11:2).” (Luke 21:24, emphasis and notes added)

“25For I do not want you, brethren, to be uninformed of this mystery (that is, the mystery of Israel’s partial hardening), lest you be wise in your own estimation, that a partial hardening (that is, a part of Israel’s unwillingness to accept Christ Jesus as their Messiah and Lord) has happened to Israel until (until to the time in which) the fullness of the Gentiles has come in (that is, the full number of elect Gentiles is achieved, in other words, the salvation of all chosen Gentiles is completed); 26and thus all Israel will be saved (that is, every single Jew that survives the persecution by Satan/Antichrist and God’s refining wrath will get saved, cf. Zechariah 13:8-9, Isaiah 66:20. The timing of the salvation of Israel thus must be after the 70th Week of Daniel ends [which is after the sixth trumpet], when ‘the mystery of God is finished’ [Revelation 10:7], and before the seventh trumpet, when God takes back the rule of earth and begins His final wrath [Revelation 11:15], see below for more details); just as it is written, ‘The Deliverer will come from Zion, He will remove ungodliness from Jacob.’ 27 ‘And this is My covenant with them, when I take away their sins.’” (Romans 11:25-27, emphasis, Italics and notes added)


“5Then (the timing of this passage is after the sixth trumpet is sounded) the angel whom I saw standing on the sea and on the land lifted up his right hand to heaven, 6and swore by Him who lives forever and ever, who created heaven and the things in it, and the earth and the things in it, and the sea and the things in it, that there will be delay no longer (this is the response to the beseech by the martyrs’ souls at the fifth seal, see Revelation 6:9-11. Now God is going to pour out His final wrath on Antichrist’s kingdom and earth-dwellers and avenge the blood of the martyrs), 7but in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he is about to sound (that is, before he sounds the seventh trumpet), then the mystery of God (that is, God’s special work in Christ to bring Gentiles to glory, cf. Colossians 1:27, 2:2. Notice this mystery of God is different than but closely tied to the mystery of Israel’s partial hardening spoken by Paul in Romans 11:25, but God is working with both of them at the same time) is finished (that is, ‘the fullness of the Gentiles has come in’ stated by Paul in Romans 11:25, and ‘the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled’ spoken by Jesus in Luke 21:24. Therefore, the sixth trumpet actually ends the 70th Week of Daniel, after which, the whole family Israel will be saved), as He preached to His servants the prophets.” (Revelation 10:5-7, emphasis and notes added)

“15Then (that is, after the sixth trumpet ends, after the 70th Week of Daniel ends, into the 75-day extended period, see Daniel 12:11-12 above) the seventh angel sounded; and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, ‘The kingdom of the world (which according to John 12:31 and 2 Corinthians 4:4 belongs to Satan, the god and ruler of this world) has become (the ingressive use of the aorist of this verb emphasizes on the entrance into a new state, rather than a preview of what is to come or an event that has occurred in the past. It is better translated as ‘has begun to become’) the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ (that is, God reclaims His rightful rule of earth from Satan to Himself, which, as indicated here, happens immediately following the conclusion of the 70th Week of Daniel); and He will reign forever and ever.’ 16And the twenty-four elders, who sit on their thrones before God, fell on their faces and worshiped God, 17saying, ‘We give You thanks, O Lord God, the Almighty, who are and who were, because You have taken Your great power and have begun to reign (this another ingressive use of the verb confirms the notion that the physical reign of God on earth has just transpired).

“18And the nations were enraged (the hostile response of the nations toward God’s reign on earth is prophesied and vividly depicted in Psalm 2:1-3), and Your wrath came (the six trumpet judgments already passed but the seventh trumpet initiates the seven bowl judgments, which are final wrath of God and still to come, cf. Revelation 15:1), and the time came for the dead to be judged (that is, the righteous dead to be judged. The wicked dead will not be judged until the end of the millennial reign of Christ, cf. Revelation 20:11-15), and the time to reward Your bond-servants the prophets and the saints (that is, two groups of believers: prophets and saints are to be rewarded after being judged by God) and (the following is a further definition of the prophets and saints) those who fear Your name, the small and the great, and to destroy those who destroy the earth.’” (Revelation 11:15-18, emphasis and notes added)


“3As He was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to Him privately, saying, ‘Tell us, when will these things happen (‘these things’ refer to the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple prophesied by Jesus in verses 1 to 2), and what will be the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age? (the disciples seemed to connect the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple with Christ’s Second Coming and the end of the age. Besides the timing question WHEN, they wanted to know HOW these things will come to pass)’ 4And Jesus answered (notice that Jesus skipped the first question WHEN but gave a detailed picture of the second question HOW) and said to them, ‘See to it that no one misleads you. 5For many will come in My name, saying, 'I am the Christ' (that is, the false christs, typified by the rider on the white horse, as the 1st Seal broken by Christ in Revelation 6:2) and will mislead many. 6You will be hearing of wars and rumors of wars (the 2nd Seal broken in Revelation 6:3-4). See that you are not frightened, for those things must take place, but that is not yet the end. 7For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and in various places there will be famines and earthquakes (the 3rd Seal broken in Revelation 6:5-6. Although earthquakes are not mentioned in the 3rd Seal, they are most likely the causes for great famines around the world). 8But all these things are merely the beginning of birth pangs (which means, the hard labour – the persecution of the saints, and the delivery – the deliverance of the saints, are still to come, yet in a short time manner).” (Matthew 24:3-8, emphasis and notes added)

Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible

Questions and comments of this Bible Study may be sent to Stephen at here.


A Complete Scriptural Overview of End-Time Events (All 4 Parts, 230KB)


-> End-Time Events Overview II: The Great Tribulation By Antichrist
-> End-Time Events Overview III: The Return of Christ and Rapture of the Saints
-> End-Time Events Overview IV: The Day of the Lord Judgment


-> "The Sign" by Robert Van Kampen
-> Sola Scriptura Articles, FAQs and Newsletters about End Times
-> A Dynamic Commentary on the Book of Revelation


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